Colony 08 was caught as a swarm caught from the tree in front of my out-apiary in Oxford.
I do not know where the swarm came from. I couldn't find any evidence of my apiary hives having swarmed, but the swarm's position suggests that's where it came from.
The colony is certainly untreated since being caught. It may have been untreated before then.
Origin of swarm
Unknown. Probably from one of my untreated apiary hives
Untreated since date